Bristol Ornithological Club

344 species have been officially recorded (up to Dec 31st 2014) in Avon (for a definition of the area this covers see the recording area) .

Here is the official list which is maintained by AOG and is updated annually in line with the production of the Avon Bird Report. The list follows the order used by the British Ornithologists Union (BOU).

This list can be downloaded (in excel format) by clicking this link: 2014-bristol-bird-list

An annotated list of birds of unknown origin provides details of all species recorded in Avon but do not form part of the official list.

The Bristol list

The Avon List (as at 31st December 2014. Based on the 2014 Avon Bird Report)
Mute SwanCygnus olorFairly common resident; most winter inland on the North Somerset moors. Summer moulting flocks occur mainly at CVL.
Bewick's SwanCygnus columbianusUncommon and declining winter visitor and autumn passage migrant.
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnusVery scarce winter visitor
Bean GooseAnser fabalisRare winter visitor; last recorded in 2011. Both A. f. fabalis Taiga Bean Goose and A. f. rossicus Tundra Bean Goose have been identified.
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchusRare winter visitor; last recorded in 2013.
White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsTwo races occur; A.a. albifrons European White-fronted Goose. Uncommon and declining winter visitor and passage migrant. A.a. flavirostis; Greenland White-fronted Goose. Three records; 1964; 1993 and 2010.
Greylag GooseAnser anserUncommon introduced resident and former summer moult migrant. It is assumed that most if not all belong to the western race (naturalised population) A. a. anser.
Greater Canada GooseBranta canadensisFairly common introduced resident; largely at CVL and BL where numbers increase during the summer moult. Uncommon breeder.
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsisUncommon introduced resident; very scarce winter visitor and passage migrant. It is often difficult to establish the origin of many with certainty; although wild birds have probably occurred.
Brent GooseBranta berniclaTwo species occur; B.b. bernicla Brent Goose (Dark-bellied) Uncommon coastal passage migrant and winter visitor; Very scarce inland. B.b. hrota; Brent Goose (Light-bellied); Scarce winter visitor and passage migrant.
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisOne old record; 1909.
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiacaVery scarce visitor; the majority of the local records are now thought to relate to the expanding UK feral population.
ShelduckTadorna tadornaFairly common resident; most migrate to moult. Uncommon inland (except at CVL). Uncommon breeder ? has declined in the last five decades.
Mandarin DuckAix galericulataUncommon introduced resident; occasional breeder.
WigeonAnas penelopeFairly common winter visitor and passage migrant; rare in summer.
American WigeonAnas americanaRare nearctic vagrant; last recorded in 2009.
GadwallAnas streperaFairly common resident; winter visitor and late summer/autumn moult visitormost numerous in autumn. Uncommon as a breeding species.
TealAnas creccaCommon winter visitor and autumn passage migrant to the coast and reservoirs; present in small numbers elsewhere. A few usually over-summer at CVL.
Green-winged TealAnas carolinensisRare Nearctic vagrant; last recorded in 2014.
MallardAnas platyrhynchosCommon and widespread resident; autumn passage migrant and winter visitor. Fairly common breeder (by far our commonest breeding duck).
PintailAnas acutaUncommon autumn passage migrant and winter visitor; most occur at CVL in autumn. Wintering birds leave from mid-February to early April with autumn arrivals usually appearing in mid-September.
GarganeyAnas querquedulaScarce spring passage migrant and summer visitor; uncommon autumn passage migrant at CVL and BL; scarce elsewhere. Has bred.
Blue-winged TealAnas discorsRare Nearctic vagrant; last recorded in 2011.
ShovelerAnas clypeataFairly common - but generally local - winter visitor and autumn passage migrant; usually common at CVL and BL in autumn/early winter. Scarce in summer; has bred at CVL and BL.
Red-crested PochardNetta rufinaScarce visitor; most often in autumn. Likely status as a rare continental visitor obscured by feral birds - notably from the growing population at the Cotswold Water Park(Glos/Wilts) and escapes.
PochardAythya ferinaFairly common winter visitor and autumn passage migrant. Uncommon in summer; scarce breeder at CVL - has bred at BL.
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisScarce Nearctic vagrant.
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaFormerly a rare vagrant but now scarce. Almost annual since 2000 and possibly bred in 2006.
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaCommon resident - winter visitor and double passage migrant. Now a scarce breeder.
ScaupAythya marilaNow a Scarce passage migrant and winter visitor. Has occurred in most months. Most frequent at the reservoirs.
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisRare Nearctic vagrant last recorded in 2014.
EiderSomateria mollissimaScarce winter visitor and scarce/uncommon passage migrant. May occur in any month. Very rare inland.
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisScarce winter visitor; some at the reservoirs may stay for several months.
Common ScoterMelanitta nigraUncommon spring/summer and autumn passage migrant; scarce winter visitor; normally a few inland records each year - mainly at CVL.
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fuscaRare/very scarce winter visitor; very rare inland.
GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaFairly common winter visitor and spring passage migrant; numbers peak in late March and early April. Scarce away from the main reservoirs and scarce/very scarce in summer although has bred at CVL.
SmewMergellus albellusScarce winter visitor mainly to CVL and BL.
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorScarce winter visitor and passage migrant. Most records in recent years are of a regularly returning individual at CVL.
GoosanderMergus merganserFairly common winter visitor to CVL; now increasingly recorded from other sites. Still uncommon away from CVL. Scarce in the Estuary.
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisOnce common introduced winter visitor at CVL and BL and scarce elsewhere - now very scarce. Regularly culled by order of Defra. The last recorded local breeding was in 2008.
QuailCoturnix coturnixScarce summer visitor and presumed breeder; In the north-east of the area. Rare passage migrant.
Red-legged PartridgeAlectoris rufaLocally fairly common breeding resident but large numbers released for ?sporting? purposes.
Black GrouseTetrao tetrixFormer resident last recorded in 1922.
Grey PartridgePerdix perdixUncommon local and declining breeding resident. Some are probably hand-reared and released.
PheasantPhasianus colchicusFairly common but under recorded. Very large numbers are released for ?sporting? purposes.
Red-throated DiverGavia stellata Formerly a very scarce winter visitor and passage migrant to the larger reservoirs and the Estuary - sometimes storm driven. In recent winters numbers have been noted in the lower Estuary.
Black-throated DiverGavia arcticaRare passage migrant and winter visitor - sometimes storm driven. Last recorded in 2013.
Pacific DiverGavia pacificaOne record; 2009.
Great Northern DiverGavia immerScarce winter visitor and passage migrant to the larger reservoirs and the Estuary - sometimes staying for considerable lengths of time on the reservoirs.
FulmarFulmarus glacialisUncommon visitor; less common in winter. Usually storm-driven - but occasionally occurs in calm conditions in mid-summer. Rare inland.
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedeaTwo records; 2000.2004.
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusThree records; 1962. 1971. 1974.
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinusUncommon summer/autumn visitor: usually storm-driven - although large feeding flocks have occurred in calm anti-cyclonic conditions in mid-summer. Seldom recorded NE of the Second Severn Crossing. Rare inland.
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicusOne record; 1988.
Storm PetrelHydrobates pelagicusScarce storm driven summer/autumn visitor to the Estuary SW of the Second Severn Crossing. Rare in winter and very rare inland.
White-bellied/Black-bellied Storm-petrelFregetta spOne in 2009 was the first European record of the genus.
Leach's PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaScarce storm-driven visitor to the Estuary SW of the Second Severn Crossing mainly in autumn and winter. Usually in ones or twos but large numbers have occurred in wrecks. Very rare inland.
GannetMorus bassanusUncommon storm-driven visitor; mainly in spring and summer. Rare inland.
CormorantPhalacrocorax carboTwo races occur; P.c. carbo -Fairly common resident and winter visitor; especially to the main reservoirs; breeds in small numbers on Steep Holm. Previously dominated all records and probably still accounts for all breeding birds. P.c. sinensis ; now fairly common amongst non-breeding birds.
ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelisScarce visitor - mainly in autumn and winter (rare inland); sometimes storm-driven.
Frigatebird spFregata sp. One record; 2005.
BitternBotaurus stellarisScarce winter visitor; mainly to CVL. Bred in 1997 and now occasionally recorded in the summer months.
Little BitternIxobrychus minutusSix records; 1789. 1864. 1912. 1917. 1958. 1993.
Night-heronNycticorax nycticoraxRare vagrant; last recorded 2001.
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesThree records; 1973. 1977. 2012.
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare vagrant; last recorded in 2012.
Little EgretEgretta garzettaScarce resident and scarce visitor; mainly from late summer to winter. In line with the national trend numbers have increased dramatically during the last few years.
Great White EgretArdea albaRare vagrant first recorded in 2002 but now with 19 records.
Grey HeronArdea cinereaFairly common resident; uncommon as a breeding species.
Purple HeronArdea purpureaRare vagrant; last recorded 2014.
Black StorkCiconia nigraTwo records; 1988. 1992.
White StorkCiconia ciconiaRare vagrant. True status confused by the likelihood of escapes from captivity. Last recorded 2012.
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare vagrant first recorded in 2007 but now with 13 records.
SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodiaScarce passage migrant.
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsOne from1964 to 1968 was the first European record.
Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollisFairly common breeding resident; occurs widely in rhynes and small to medium-sized pools. Numbers peak in late summer at the reservoirs before dispersing. Very scarce in the Estuary.
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatusFairly common breeding resident; but occurs commonly at the reservoirs - particularly during the autumn moult/passage. Scarce elsewhere - including the Estuary.
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaVery scarce passage migrant and winter visitor; records away from the main reservoirs are very rare.
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritusScarce passage migrant and winter visitor. Almost always at freshwater sites and rare in the Estuary.
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollisScarce passage migrant; wintered for the first time in 1998/99 and becoming increasingly frequent in the winter. Almost always at freshwater sites and rare in the Estuary. Has bred.
Honey-buzzardPernis apivorusVery scarce passage migrant.
Black KiteMilvus migransThree records: 1983. 1994. 2010
Red KiteMilvus milvusUncommon passage migrant and increasingly frequent visitor.
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicillaFour records; 1861. 1871. 1919. 1927.
Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosusUncommon visitor and passage migrant; has wintered at CVL.
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneusScarce winter visitor and passage migrant; mainly to the coast.
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusOne record; 2011.
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargusRare summer visitor and passage migrant; last recorded 2011.
GoshawkAccipiter gentilisVery scarce visitor and resident.
SparrowhawkAccipiter nisusFairly common breeding resident; possibly also an uncommon passage migrant.
BuzzardButeo buteoFairly common breeding resident; possibly also an uncommon passage migrant. The population has steadily increased since the late 1980s. Now regularly seen over suburban areas.
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopusFive records; 1906. 1909. 1910. 1971. 1974.
OspreyPandion haliaetusScarce passage migrant; most records are from the reservoirs.
Water RailRallus aquaticusUncommon winter visitor; scarce in summer and very scarce as a breeding species.
Spotted CrakePorzana porzanaScarce passage migrant. Most records come from CVL in August or September.
Little CrakePorzana parvaTwo records; 1961. 1967.
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusillaTwo very old records; 1840 and 1901.
CorncrakeCrex crexFormerly uncommon but now a rare passage migrant; last recorded in 2011.
MoorhenGallinula chloropusFairly common breeding resident. Seen in large numbers at the reservoirs in late summer/autumn.
CootFulica atraFairly common and widespread breeding resident; abundant in the autumn at the main reservoirs.
CraneGrus grusRare vagrant but a release project has been in place in Somerset since 2010.
Stone-curlewBurhinus oedicnemusRare passage migrant; last recorded in 2013.
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusThree records; 1965. 1997. 2012.
AvocetRecurvirostra avosettaUncommon winter visitor/ passage migrant. Rare inland.
OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusFairly common resident - passage migrant and winter visitor; scarce breeder.
American Golden PloverPluvialis dominicaThree records; 1994. 2003. 2013.
Golden PloverPluvialis apricariaFairly common winter visitor and scarce passage migrant.
Grey PloverPluvialis squatarolaUncommon winter visitor and passage migrant. Scarce inland.
LapwingVanellus vanellusFairly common and widespread winter visitor and passage migrant; can become common in some winters. Uncommon and declining breedert/summer visitor.
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusUncommon passage migrant; generally more common in autumn. Scarce breeder.
Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaTwo races occur; C.h.hiaticula; Uncommon winter visitor and fairly common passage migrant (most numerous in autumn). Small numbers occur inland on passage. Scarce breeder. Most belong to this race breeding in Canada and N. W. Europe; C.h.tundrae A few of this race may occur; breeding from N. Scandinavia to Siberia.
KilldeerCharadrius vociferusOne record; 1976.
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinusRare spring/autumn vagrant; last recorded in 2011.
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultiiOne record; 1979/80.
DotterelCharadrius morinellusRare passage migrant; mainly in May and August/September - last recorded in 2014.
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaOne record; 2005.
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusPassage migrant; Common in spring and uncommon in autumn. Scarce in summer and has occurred in winter.
CurlewNumenius arquataFairly common winter visitor and passage migrant; uncommon in summer. Uncommon inland. Has bred.
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaTwo races occur. L.l. islandica (breeding N. Isles and Iceland) - Uncommon passage migrant; generally more numerous in autumn. Scarce in winter. L.l. limosa (breeding W. Europe and east) - Rare visitor definite records in June and July only.
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaPassage migrant; in varying numbers - usually uncommon. Can occur in large numbers on spring passage. Scarce in winter and inland.
TurnstoneArenaria interpresFairly common winter visitor/passage migran; Scarce in summer and inland.
KnotCalidris canutusTwo races occur; C.c. islandica; Nearctic; Fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant; scarce inland. C.c. canutus; Siberian; Research suggests that almost all UK birds belong to the race islandica. Hence it is assumed this also holds for the Avon populations.
RuffPhilomachus pugnaxUncommon autumn passage migrant; scarce in winter and on spring passage.
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminateOne record; 2011.
Broad-billed SandpiperLimicola falcinellusTwo records on the coast; 1983. 1988.
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaPassage migrant; scarce in spring and uncommon in autumn. Very rare in winter.
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckiiRare vagrant; last recorded in 2011.
SanderlingCalidris albaUncommon passage migrant; more often in spring than in autumn. Very scarce in winter and inland.
DunlinCalidris alpineCommon winter visitor and passage migrant; uncommon in summer. Small numbers occur inland on passage. Three races occur; C.a. alpina ; breeding N. Scandinavia to Siberia - mainly occurs as a winter visitor; C.a. arctica; breeding N. E. Greenland - rare - only recorded in late May and June; C.a. schinzii; breeding N. W. Europe - mainly seen on passage.
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritimaScarce winter visitor; very rare inland.
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiOne record; 2001.
Little StintCalidris minutaPassage migrant; very scarce in spring and uncommon in autumn. Rare in winter.
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisFive records. 1978 (2). 1985. 1991. 1995. 1998.
Buff-breasted SandpiperTryngites subruficollisRare vagrant; last recorded in 2003.
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosVery scarce vagrant; it is assumed that most are of Nearctic origin but a north-eastern Palearctic origin for some birds cannot be ruled out. First recorded in Sept. 1935 at BG.
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaThree records; 1990. 2009 and 2011.
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare Nearctic vagrant; last recorded 1988.
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare passage migrant last recorded 2014.
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusScarce: wind driven visitor in autumn - rare at other times.
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusOne record 1986.
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosFairly common passage migrant and scarce winter visitor.
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusFour records; 1982. 2003. 2007 and 2011/12.
Green SandpiperTringa ochropusFairly common autumn passage migrant; scarce in winter and spring.
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusScarce autumn passage migrant and winter visitor; very scarce in spring.
GreenshankTringa nebulariaUncommon passage migrant; more numerous in autumn. Scarce in winter.
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesFour records; 1967. 1984. 2006 and 2011.
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisTwo records; 1982. 1984.
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaPassage migrant; scarce in autumn and rare in spring. Most frequent at CVL.
RedshankTringa tetanusFairly common passage migrant and winter visitor; uncommon in summer and very scarce breeder. Uncommon inland; Two races occur; T.t. totanus; breeding Europe to east. T.t. robusta;breeding Iceland. It is assumed that most in Avon are of the race totanus. An unknown proportion of robusta almost certainly occur.
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusUncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; probably overlooked.
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusThree records 1977-78 (2). 2009 and 2011 (2) plus dowitcher sp. records in 1977 and 1978.
WoodcockScolopax rusticolaUncommon winter visitor; almost certainly overlooked. Has bred in the past.
SnipeGallinago gallinagoFairly common winter visitor and passage migrant; has bred in the past. Two races: gallinago (Palearctic) and faeroeensis (breeding N. Isles and Iceland). Most in Avon are from the race gallinago but an unknown - but probably very small number of faeroeensis may also occur.
Great SnipeGallinago mediaThree records; before 1893. 1949. 1950.
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaOne very old record; some time prior to 1881.
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniThree records; 1964. 1988. 1993.
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinusScarce spring passage migrant and storm-driven autumn /winter visitor; Very rare inland.
Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticusUncommon spring passage migrant and storm-driven visitor (mainly spring or autumn). Rare inland (mainly at CVL).
Long-tailed SkuaStercorarius longicaudusRare spring and autumn passage migrant; occasionally storm driven. The rarest of our skuas and last recorded in 2008.
Great SkuaStercorarius skuaScarce spring passage migrant and storm-driven visitor; Rare inland.
PuffinFratercula arcticaSix records; all in February - 1951 (dead). 1997. 2002 (2 records). 2014 (2 records. one dead).
Black GuillemotCepphus grylleTwo records; 1896. 1988.
RazorbillAlca tordaVery scarce storm-driven visitor; rare in summer. Occurs in smaller numbers than Guillemot. No inland records.
Little AukAlle alleVery scarce storm-driven visitor; usually at Severnside. Very rare inland.
GuillemotUria aalgeScarce storm-driven visitor throughout the year; one inland record in 2014.
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusOne old record; 1885.
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetusOne record; 1958 (dead).
Little TernSternula albifronsScarce passage migrant; generally the scarcest of the five ?common? terns.
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaOne record; 1988.
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaFour records; 1959. 1983(2). 2006. 2013 (2).
Black TernChlidonias nigerTwo races occur; C. n. niger; Uncommon passage migrant; most frequent in the autumn when occasional influxes occur. Most records are from CVL. C.n. surinamensis; American Black Tern Very rare Nearctic vagrant with one record - the first for Britain in October 1999.
White-winged Black TernChlidonias leucopterusRare continental vagrant; last recorded in 2014.
Sandwich TernSterna sandvicensisUncommon passage migrant; most are recorded on the coast.
Common TernSterna hirundoPassage migrant; a few occur throughout the summer - generally uncommon but large flocks have been recorded in some years.
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiRare passage migrant; last recorded in 2001.
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaUsually an uncommon passage migrant. But can occasionally occur in large flocks in the Estuary under favourable conditions in spring; otherwise generally occurs in smaller numbers than Common Tern. Often appears after westerly gales.
Ivory GullPagophila eburneaOne old record; 1864.
Sabine's GullXema sabiniVery scarce autumn passage migrant; most occur during or after westerly gales but has occurred in calm weather. Very rare as a spring passage migrant.
KittiwakeRissa tridactylaUsually a storm-driven visitor; uncommon but large flocks sometimes occur in the Estuary. Also occurs in anticyclonic conditions in early spring as a presumed migrant. Scarce inland usually only at CVL.
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus PhiladelphiaVery rare vagrant; one record 2013.
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusAbundant winter visitor and passage migrant; small numbers of non-breeding birds remain throughout the summer. Huge winter roost at CVL.
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusUncommon passage migrant; scarce in winter.
Laughing GullLarus atricillaTwo records; 1999. 2006.
Franklin's GullLarus pipixcanFour records; 1984. 1988. 2000. 2008.
Mediterranean GullLarus melanocephalusUncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; stable after a period of increase.
Common GullLarus canusCommon winter visitor and passage migrant; scarce in summer. Largest flocks are usually on upland or flooded fields and are often thinly spread elsewhere. Huge (c18000) winter roost at CVL and significant one on the Estuary that is difficult to count.
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisScarce Nearctic vagrant. Most records are from CVL. Occasionally in winter but nowadays one or two are expected to appear in the gull roost during spring passage in February or March. Very rare on the coast - or in summer.
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusCommon winter visitor passage migrant and breeding resident. In addition to the colony on Steep Holm there are large urban colonies in Bristol and Bath and smaller colonies in other towns. Two races occur; L.f. graellsii; Western race. L.f. intermedius Scandinavian race; Scarce winter visitor and passage migrant; annual at CVL. Probably overlooked - particularly in non-adult plumage.
Herring GullLarus argentatusTwo races occur; L.a. argenteus;Western race; Common winter visitor - passage migrant and breeding resident; largest numbers occur near the coast or around Bristol and Bath. In addition to the colony on Steep Holm there are large urban colonies in Bristol and Bath. There are smaller colonies in other towns. L.a. argentatus; Scandinavian race ; Scarce winter visitor; probably overlooked.
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellisUncommon passage migrant - summer visitor and winter visitor; most occur in the autumn at CVL but now increasingly recorded elsewhere.
Caspian GullLarus cachinnansRare/very scarce passage migrant/winter visitor; last recorded in 2013.
Iceland GullLarus glaucoidesTwo races occur; L.g. glaucoides; Very scarce winter visitor; occurs more frequently than Glaucous Gull. L.g. kumlieni Kumlien's Gull; Rare Nearctic winter visitor; last recorded in 2014.
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusVery scarce winter visitor.
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusUncommon breeding resident - breeds in small numbers on Steep Holm. Generally uncommon elsewhere (perhaps surprisingly so); seldom recorded inland away from the reservoirs.
Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxusTwo old records; in irruption years. 1863. 1888.
Feral PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced common residen; mostly found in urban areas.
Stock DoveColumba oenasFairly common but declining breeding resident.
WoodpigeonColumba palumbusAbundant breeding resident and migrant.
Collared DoveStreptopelia decaoctoCommon breeding resident.
Turtle DoveStreptopelia turturFormerly a fairly common summer visitor; Has undergone a steep decline with our last breeding in 1983. It is now a scarce passage migrant.
CuckooCuculus canorusScarce and seriously declining spring migrant and breeding summer visitor; Very scarce after June. Recent tracking has shown that most UK adults depart at this time.
Barn OwlTyto albaBreeding resident and uncommon after long-term decline; slowly recovering locally in recent years and benefitting from conservation effort in several areas.
Little OwlAthene noctuaIntroduced in the 19th century. Uncommon breeding resident but declining.
Tawny OwlStrix alucoFairly common breeding resident.
Long-eared OwlAsio otusScarce winter visitor and passage migrant. Very rare in summer but bred successfully in 1991. 2010 and 2011.
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusUncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; mainly on the coast.
NightjarCaprimulgus europaeusScarce passage migrant and occasional breeding summer visitor.
SwiftApus apusCommon breeding summer visitor and passage migrant.
Alpine SwiftApus melbaRare vagrant; last recorded in 2002.
HoopoeUpupa epopsVery scarce spring migrant; rare in autumn.
Bee-eaterMerops apiasterRare summer vagrant; last recorded in 2008.
RollerCoracias garrulusOne record; 1976.
KingfisherAlcedo atthisFairly common breeding resident; distributed in small numbers on waters throughout the area.
WryneckJynx torquillaScarce autumn passage migrant. Very rare in spring.
Green WoodpeckerPicus viridisFairly common breeding resident; increasing nationally.
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major Fairly common breeding resident increasing both nationally and locally.
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minor Scarce and elusive resident; last proven to breed in 2003.
KestrelFalco tinnunculusFairly common but declining breeding resident.
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusThree records; 1967. 1992. 2014.
MerlinFalco columbariusUncommon passage migrant and winter visitor; most are recorded on the coast; scarce inland.
HobbyFalco subbuteoUncommon passage migrant and scarce breeding summer visitor.
Gyr FalconFalco rusticolusOne record; 1961/62 - a wintering bird at CVL.
PeregrineFalco peregrinusUncommon resident; winter visitor and breeder.
Ring-necked ParakeetPsittacula krameriAn occasional visitor; some records may refer to wanderers from the substantial home counties feral population.
Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusRare vagrant in early summer; last recorded 2005.
Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioRare passage migrant; last recorded in 2014. Formerly bred - most recently in 1975.
Lesser Grey ShrikeLanius minorOne record; 1982.
Great Grey ShrikeLanius excubitorVery scarce winter visitor.
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senatorRare vagrant last recorded in 2013. One record of the race badius in 2005.
ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocoraxThree records; 1900. 1941/42. 2006.
MagpiePica picaCommon breeding resident.
JayGarrulus glandariusFairly common breeding resident.
NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactesThree records; 1887? 1925. 1968.
JackdawCorvus monedulaAbundant breeding resident; uncommon passage migrant. Local birds are C. m. spermollogus but C. m. monedula (?Nordic Jackdaw?) was recorded in 2008 (4) and 2014.
RookCorvus frugilegusCommon breeding resident.
Carrion CrowCorvus coroneCommon breeding resident.
Hooded CrowCorvus cornixRare non-breeding visitor; last recorded in 2003.
RavenCorvus coraxUncommon breeding resident; possibly an uncommon passage migrant.
GoldcrestRegulus regulusFairly common breeding resident - passage migrant and winter visitor.
FirecrestRegulus ignicapillaScarce passage migrant and winter visitor.
Penduline TitRemiz pendulinusOne record; 2012.
Blue TitCyanistes caeruleusAbundant breeding resident.
Great TitParus majorAbundant breeding resident.
Coal TitPeriparus aterFairly common breeding resident; probably also a passage migrant.
Willow TitPoecile montanaApparently still a very scarce resident; formerly less rare.
Marsh TitPoecile palustrisUncommon breeding resident.
Bearded TitPanurus biarmicusVery scarce passage migrant and winter visitor; the majority recorded from the extensive reed beds at CVL where breeding took place in 1991.
WoodlarkLullula arboreaVery scarce late autumn migrant.
SkylarkAlauda arvensisDeclining but still common breeding resident and passage migrant/winter visitor.
Shore LarkEremophila alpestrisRare winter visitor and passage migrant; exceptional inland.
Sand MartinRiparia ripariaFairly common passage migrant; local and uncommon breeding summer visitor.
SwallowHirundo rusticaCommon passage migrant and breeding summer visitor.
House MartinDelichon urbicumCommon passage migrant and breeding summer visitor.
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaFive records; 1970. 1977. 1988. 1990. 2012.
Cetti's WarblerCettia cettiUncommon resident. First definitely bred in 1995.
Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatusCommon breeding resident.
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloidesOne record; 2014
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealisOne record 1965.
Pallas's WarblerPhylloscopus proregulusOne record 1996.
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusScarce or very scarce autumn visitor; rare in winter.
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusTwo records; both in 2004.
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixUncommon spring passage migrant. Rare on autumn passage. Last bred in 1996.
ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybitaTwo species occur; P. c. collybita Common passage migrant and breeding summer visitor. Also an uncommon winter visitor, and therefore possibly an uncommon resident; P. c. tristis; Siberian Chiffchaff. Scarce or very scarce late autumn migrant and winter visitor, rare in spring.
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusCommon passage migrant and declining breeding summer visitor.
BlackcapSylvia atricapillaCommon passage migrant and breeding summer visitor; It is now also a fairly common winter visitor - most frequently recorded in gardens.
Garden WarblerSylvia borinFairly common passage migrant and breeding summer visitor.
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia currucaFairly common passage migrant and breeding summer visitor.
WhitethroatSylvia communisCommon passage migrant and breeding summer visitor.
Dartford WarblerSylvia undataFormerly rare but now a scarce visitor; Has bred.
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillansOne record; 2004.
Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naeviaUncommon passage migrant; scarce breeding summer visitor.
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioidesFour records; 1960. 1980. 1987. 2001.
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaOne record; 1992.
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglottaFour records; 1961. 1967. 1979. 1984.
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicolaRare autumn passage migrant being almost exclusively at CVL; one spring record. Last recorded in 1999.
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenusFairly common passage migrant and breeding summer visitor.
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustrisRare passage migrant and summer visitor; recent records in 1979(2). 1986. 1994.
Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceusFairly common passage migrant and breeding summer visitor.
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceusFour records; 1992. 2008. 2012 and 2014.
WaxwingBombycilla garrulousScarce irruptive winter visitor. Erratic locally with a big influx in winter 2004/05.
NuthatchSitta europaeaFairly common breeding resident.
TreecreeperCerthia familiarisFairly common breeding resident.
WrenTroglodytes troglodytesAbundant breeding resident.
StarlingSturnus vulgarisStill abundant breeding resident/passage migrant and winter visito: but declining rapidly.
Rose-coloured StarlingPastor roseus Rare vagrant; last recorded 2014.
DipperCinclus cinclusUncommon breeding resident; present locally on suitable streams and rivers.
White's ThrushZoothera daumaOne old record; 1871.
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusScarce passage migrant; very scarce in autumn being found mostly on or near the coast.
BlackbirdTurdus merulaAbundant resident; passage status uncertain.
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularisOne record; 1996.
FieldfareTurdus pilarisCommon winter visitor and passage migrant; can occur in large numbers in hard winters.
Song ThrushTurdus philomelosCommon breeding resident.
RedwingTurdus iliacusCommon winter visitor and passage migrant; Can occur in large numbers in hard winters.
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorusUncommon breeding resident and passage migrant.
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striataUncommon passage migrant and breeding summer visitor.
RobinErithacus rubeculaAbundant breeding resident.
NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosVery scarce breeding summer migrant; Scarce/very scarce passage migrant.
BluethroatLuscinia svecicaRare vagrant; last recorded in 2010. Males of both the white-spotted (cyanecula) and the red-spotted (svecica) races have been recorded.
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurusOne record; 2014
Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleucaUncommon passage migrant - scarce in autumn and rare summer visitor; bred in 1988.
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochrurosUncommon winter visitor and passage migrant. Rare in summer; has bred recently.
RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurusUncommon passage migrant.
WhinchatSaxicola rubetraUncommon passage migrant.
StonechatSaxicola torquatusUncommon winter visitor - passage migrant and scarce breeder.
WheatearOenanthe oenantheFairly common passage migrant; mainly on the coast and at traditional inland sites. Both nominate O. o. oenanthe and O. o leucorhoa (Greenland Wheatear) occur and both are probably common migrants - hard to identify with certainty.
Desert WheatearOenanthe desertiTwo records; 1997. 2013.
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschankaOne record; 2011.
DunnockPrunella modularisAbundant breeding resident.
House SparrowPasser domesticusStill abundant but declining breeding resident.
Tree SparrowPasser montanusVery scarce passage migrant and winter visitor. Now probably extinct as a breeding bird.
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flavaThree races occur; M. f. flavissima. Uncommon passage migrant and very scarce summer visitor.
M. f. flava (Blue-headed Wagtail), rare spring passage migrant last recorded in 2008.
M. f. thunbergi (Grey-headed Wagtail) one record, 2009.
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaTwo records; 1996 and 2010.
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinerea Fairly common breeding resident - passage migrant and winter visitor.
Pied WagtailMotacilla albaTwo races occur; M.a yarrelli Common breeding resident winter visitorand passage migrant. M.a. alba; White Wagtail. Uncommon passage migrant.
Richard's PipitAnthus richardiVery scarce autumn migrant; exceptional in winter.
Tawny PipitAnthus campestrisFour records; 1971. 1982. 1993. 2010.
Tree PipitAnthus trivialisUncommon passage migrant and very scarce breeder.
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensisCommon passage migrant and winter visitor; Uncommon breeding species - mainly on the coast.
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusThree records; 1973. 1979. 2012.
Rock PipitAnthus petrosusTwo races occur;A.p.petrosus Uncommon breeding resident on the coast. Fairly common and more widespread as a coastal passage migrant and winter visitor; scarce inland on spring or autumn passage.
A.p.littoralis Wintering birds are assumed to include an unknown proportion of this subspecies, some of which become identifiable in spring.
Water PipitAnthus spinolettaUncommon winter visitor and passage migrant to CVL; scarce on the coast.
BramblingFringilla montifringillaFairly common winter visitor and passage migrant.
ChaffinchFringilla coelebsAbundant breeding resident - passage migrant and winter visitor.
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustesScarce to rare winter visitor and passage migrant; formerly bred.
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinusThree records; 1985. 1999. 2006.
BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhulaFairly common breeding resident.
GreenfinchCarduelis chlorisCommon breeding resident - passage migrant and winter visitor.
LinnetCarduelis cannabinaCommon breeding resident - passage migrant and winter visitor.
TwiteCarduelis flavirostrisNow rare winter visitor formerly more regular.
Lesser RedpollCarduelis cabaret Fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant; scarce in summer. Records received as ?Redpoll? are included in this accountand so a few may actually refer to Common Redpolls.
Common RedpollCarduelis flammeaC.f. flammea; Mealy Redpoll Very scarce winter visitor and passage migrant - formerly rare but more regularly recorded in recent times.
Two-barred CrossbillLoxia leucopteraOne old record; 1895.
Common CrossbillLoxia curvirostraRegular but erratic visitor and passage migrant; whose numbers vary sharply from year to year.
GoldfinchCarduelis carduelisCommon breeding resident - partial migrant; many leaving in winter for France and Iberia.
SerinSerinus serinusTwo records; 1983 and 1986.
SiskinCarduelis spinusWinter visitor and passage migrant in varying numbers but sometimes common; scarce breeding species.
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisScarce winter visitor.
Lapland BuntingCalcarius lapponicusVery scarce autumn migrant and very rare winter visitor; mainly on the coast.
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellCommon but declining breeding resident and uncommon passage migrant.
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlusFormerly bred; now a very rare visitor. Last recorded 1991.
Little BuntingEmberiza pusilla Four records; 1976. 1986. 1996. 1997/98.
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclusUncommon breeding resident and passage migrant.
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandraLocal and uncommon breeding resident; confined to arable areas in the east of the region. Rare elsewhere as a passage migrant/winter visitor.
Yellow-rumped WarblerDendroica coronataOne record of the nominate race coronata (?Myrtle Warbler?). 1994.


Included are two species acceptable to the list but not to species level:

White-bellied/Black-bellied Storm-petrel   Fregetta sp.   one in 2009 was the first European record of the genus

Frigatebird sp.   Fregata sp.   one record, 2005

Home    Birding    BOC    Gallery    Publications    Resources    Contact